The Bioscan, 1(1-4) 037-040,2006
An International Quarterly Journal of Life Sciences
web site: www.thebioscan.in 
ANALYSIS OF CHROMIUM BIOACCUMULATION IN BLOOD, URINE
AND NAIL SAMPLES OF CHROMATE FACTORY WORKERS
M. JOB GOPINATH AND D. MANLEY BACKYAVATHY*
P.G.& Research Department of Zoology,
Voorhee College, Vellore - 632 001 India
Email: backya_2000@yahoo.com
KEY WORDS

Chromium
Bioaccumulation
Chromate
Inustrial workers



Received on: 11.09.2006

Accepted on: 06.12.2006




*Corresponding
 Author
ABSTRACT

Industrial play a major role in country's economy. Air pollution is an occupational health problem in industries. Generaly, there are more man made pollution in the air of heavy industries and major cities around the industries, Exposure as inhalation represents one of the major routes by which the body can be exposed by accident or design to foreign materials. One having entered to the respiratory tract, inhaled materails may be readly absorbed or may react directly with the alveolar epithelium and entered in to the blood steam. These air pollution induce many changes in physiological and biochemical process. The present study was contucted on chromate industrial workers as these workers were repeatedly exposed to pollutants in chromium factors (Tamil Nadu Chromate and Chemical Ltd., Ranipet industrial Town, Tamil Nadu). The bioaccumulation of chromium was estimated from one hundred samples of blood and urine as well as twenty five samples of nails collected from TCC industrial workers and control subject. The workers and control subject were randomly selected. Estimation was carried out by Atomic Absorption spectrometry. From the results it was obeserved tha the accumulation of heavy metal chromium in the blood. urine and nail samples of chromate factory worker are above the normal ranges. Results are statistically significant.