The Bioscan, 2 (1) 041-046,2007
An International Quarterly Journal of Life Sciences
web site: www.thebioscan.in 
QUANTIFICATION OF PREDATION AND INCIDENCE OF PARASITIC
INFESTATION IN MELGHAT TIGER RESERVE WITH SPECIAL
REFERENCE TO LEOPARDS ( PANTHERA PARDUS)
M. V. SHIRBHATE
Department of Zoology, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati Univesity Amravati- 444 602, India. E-mail: m_shirbhate@yahoo.co.in

KEY WORDS

Scat
Leopards
Parasitic stages
Predator- prey
relationship


Received on: 08.10.2006

Accepted on: 11.01.2007



Corresponding
 Author

ABSTRACT

1235 scats of Leopards from Melghat Tiger Reserve were analyze for any undigested remains. the analysis of scats of leopards revealed remains of 11 prey species with a high preponderence of small mammals including Indian hare (Lepus nigricollis), sambar (Cervus unicolor) and wild pig (Sus scrofa). The prey preference on the basis of biomass was sambar > wild pig > domestic animal >chita l> four horned antelope. but the of predation on the basis of undigested remains in scats was Indian hare > sambar > wild pig > langur > domestic animals. It is found that the leopards preferred two different preys ( 55 scats, 40.47%) at a time. Leopards were also found to be the host of a number of gastrointestnal parasites. The got these infection from the herbivores on which they feed as well as scrabs on which they preyed rarely.