The Bioscan, 4(3): 409-412, 2009
An International Quarterly Journal of Life Sciences
web site: www.thebioscan.in 
HAEMATOLOGICAL BIOMARKERS FOR DETECTION OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH 
HAZARDS IN X-RAY TECHNICIANS
SHAHLA YASMIN*, GARIMA, JYOTI, NIDHI RASTOGI, ANUPMA KUMARIA AND DORIS D’SOUZA
Department of Zoology, Patna Women’s College,
Bailey Road, Patna - 800 001, Bihar, INDIA
E-mail: shahla_apex@yahoo.co.in


KEY WORDS
Blood cells
Creatinine
Liver function
X-rays
Received on: 21.04.2009 Accepted on: 12.06.2009 *Corresponding Author

ABSTRACT

The effects of X-rays on the haematological parameters of X-ray technicians was investigated in a group of 10 X-ray technicians who were age, sex matched with 10 control healthy individuals. 10mL of blood was collected from each subject by venipuncture and tests were carried out with auto-analyzer and automatic electronic blood cell counter. There was a significant rise in the neutrophil (p<0.001) as well as eosinophil (p<0.0001) counts and a significant fall in the lymphocyte (p<0.01) and monocyte (p<0.01) counts of the X-ray technicians as compared to the controls. Further, there was a rise in the level of serum alkaline phosphatase (p<0.0001) and serum creatinine (p<0.01) in the X-ray technicians indicating possible adverse effects on the liver and kidneys respectively. The study revealed that X-rays are potent threat to the health of X-ray technicians. They are capable of suppressing the immune activity and cause damage to the vital organs - kidneys and liver.